STARTUP GUIDE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS
A diagram about medical universities, application necessities, expenses, grants and career options to do MBBS in Germany
At the point when you are hoping to consider medicine in
Germany, you may be thinking about how you can acquire an MBBS in Germany. MBBS refers to Bachelor of
Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery - or in Latin: Medicinae Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. It is an undergraduate degree
that in numerous countries denotes the initial phase in the academic training of becoming a doctor.
At the point when you are hoping to study medicine in the German framework, you might be astonished to discover that MBBS isn't a degree format that is offered by German universities. Rather, students expect to graduate with the state assessment (German: Staatsexamen).
Human medicine came from the Latin word "humanus" (human), as the name suggests, it deals exclusively with the research and treatment of the human body, its function, condition, and diseases.
Human medicine is one of the practice-oriented empirical sciences, the goals of which are prevention, curation, and palliation.
Prevention includes the prevention of diseases and their complications. This includes research into the nature and function of the human body and organism in order to keep it upright and healthy. Curation includes the treatment of curable diseases and disorders.
Palliation deals with incurable diseases and the alleviation of complaints and the greatest possible maintenance of the quality of life in these situations.
In Germany, there are around 9,150 government free medical study places accessible for studies every year. Around 45,000 graduates apply for them meaning every one in 5 candidates is ensured a spot to study medicine a major 20%. In contrast to it, in India, around 17 lakhs students apply for 35,000 government free places making it one of every 50 candidates an assurance to study medicine a simple 2%.
Medical study places for MBBS in Germany is one of the most sort-after courses - among German and international students.
Particularly for global students, the inquiries are:
Studying medicine varies in numerous points from other programs in Germany:
We will talk about the peculiarities of contemplating MBBS in Germany and present the most significant realities that you have to know - from A as in 'Approbation ' to Z as in 'ZweiteÄrztlichePrüfung' (Second Examination for medical studies) - we got you fully secured!
In the event that you need to apply for one of the coveted medical study places, you should initially
persuade yourself that considering medicine is actually the correct thing for you. This includes
familiarizing yourself with the substance of the course and, specifically, checking the prerequisites for
the course, because the requirements for studying medicine are especially high in Germany compared to
The following prospects are available for admission to medical studies:
The focus of our discussion is on studying medicine with the intent of becoming an MD (by doing the state examination track).
1. Medical degreeUnlike almost all other subjects, which have a two-tier system (undergraduate/Bachelor + Graduate/Master), medical studies in Germany are traditionally structured.
2. German as language of studyMBBS in Germany is provided in the German language only. If you want to do the full training in Germany and become a doctor here, you must be able to speak and write in German. So you need to meet the German language requirements for studying in Germany.
3. Universities & AdmissionThere are 43 Medical Universities in Germany. Most of them are public, and only five of them are private.
4. Tuition feesPublic universities in Germany are tuition-free - except in Baden-Württemberg which charges non-EU students 1,500 € per semester.
5. Application requirements & admission procedureThe application procedure for a degree course in MBBS is incredibly serious and muddled because of the complex selection process by means of Hochschulstart , that lone EU students need to experience.
6. Medical doctorThe medical studies, culminating in graduating with the state examination, is followed by a practical phase of up to 6 years in which one is trained as a specialist in a certain medical field (German: Facharzt). This training concludes with the specialist medical examination. During this training phase a doctor is entitled for a salary.
7. ScholarshipsDAAD offers no scholarships for international students in medicine (Staatsexamen), the big foundations (Begabtenförderungswerke) usually accept applications only after the Physikum. But there is at least the Deutschlandstipendium available.
One of the requirements for studying medicine in Germany is a university entrance qualification known as Abitur. This is accomplished through a higher education entrance qualification, which is obtained within the framework of previous school education or professional qualification. Generally speaking, the university entrance qualification is accomplished through the Abitur. With the overall higher education entrance qualification, you can in principle study any course at any German university.
For admission to certain degree projects, for example, medical studies, extra prerequisites must be met. The purpose behind this is the spots for studying medicine are famous to such an extent that they are confined to all colleges across the country. Access is therefore restricted by the NumerusClausus (NC). Courses with a NC have restricted limits, so that a certain grade average must be proven in order to be able to study a course at all.
In singular cases or in some federal states, however, it is also possible to study medicine without an NC as an immediate prerequisite. If the required average grade cannot be proven, access to medical studies is possible in other ways.The new criteria are:
The aptitude quota considers new, expanded criteria. It takes into account whether someone completed training in the medical field before studying or is involved in a medical profession, such as a health care professional or similar profession.
The abbreviation "NC" stands for "NumerusClausus" and means something like "limited number" in translation.
The NC means that only a limited capacity of students is admitted to study medicine. The selection of students who are allowed to enroll after successfully completing the application process and then study medicine is based on the grade point average of the respective university entrance qualification. As a rule NC applies to medicine in each case but differs from state to state and sometimes also from university to university.
The given NC is of course only valid for admission to medical studies. For the application process, it should also be noted that only about 30% of the study places are allocated via the NC for Medicine. Another 10% will be awarded through aptitude quota.
For the remaining 60%, however, the university selection process, in which the respective university selects the candidates, comes into play. The following criteria are taken into account in the university selection process, such as the medical test (TMS), any professional experience or vocational training, the applicant's preference of location, the results of the selection interviews and again individual subject grades from the Abitur.
There are different ways to study medicine. The regular way is to register for EU students in one of the 38 medical faculties in Germany is via www.hochschulstart.de
Students who acquire their secondary school-leaving certificate from outside the EU and are looking to studies for MBBS at a German med school should apply directly to the university or by means of uni-assist.They can apply for one of the following categories:
Study programs that get done with a state assessment (German: Staatsexamen), demonstrate that the course
of study is governmentally controlled and follows a characterized structure, covers certain points, and is
inspected in a uniform, state-regulated way. Acquiring a state assessment in this manner varies from
getting a bachelor’s or a master’s degree. Most courses in Germany are incorporated into the bachelor’s
and master’s framework. Turning into a doctor, be that as it may, is directed through the state, which is
the reason it closes with a state assessment, not with a bachelor’s or a master’s degree.
Medical training in Germany is organized through the recommended guidelines for clinical specialists (German: Approbationsordnung für Ärzte, ÄAppO). Here, it is defined that the state assessment comprises of three sections. Upon effective fulfillment of each of the three sections of the clinical doctor's assessment, graduates are state inspected doctors and receive their approbation.
Medical studies in Germany are carefully managed under government guidelines on medical enrolment. In this manner, regardless of which university you decide to study medicine in Germany, you can expect a comparative course structure and comparable steps of training until you can work as a medical professional.
Medical school (the medical training students obtain at a university) lasts 6 years and 3 months in Germany and it is not integrated into the Bachelor’s and Master’s degree system. This makes it different from most other courses offered by German universities. Instead, medical school finishes with a state examination (German: Staatsexamen) that leads to the "Approbation" or a permanent medical license as a physician. For German students, medical studies in Germany can be taken up directly after graduating from high school. For international students, this would be possible after finishing the prep-year (Studienkolleg) in Germany.
In any case, university education is not the only main preparation for students into a medical practitioner in Germany. After their state examination, prospective doctors join practical training units that may last up to 6 more years and may even opt to take part in additional training and education measures throughout the course of their careers.
The majority of universities that offer medical studies in Germany are public, i.e. 38. Some of the great upsides of that are that they have comprehensive infrastructures and research networks in Germany, that they are free of charge (no tuition fees), and offer the opportunity to engage in doctoral studies as well. All medical studies at public universities underlie certain federal regulations, influencing the course structure as well as application processes. To get admitted to one of Germany’s public universities, students typically need outstanding GPAs.
There are five private German universities that offer medical studies. Unlike the public universities, they are not subject to the nation-wide NC, and therefore, the application process differs and is not only dependent on the applicants’ GPAs. You can still expect, however, to undergo some rigorous testing system in order to get admitted to these universities. On the downside, students need to pay fees to the private universities, which currently amount to 5,700€ - 15,500 € per semester, depending on which university you choose.
Like most programs offered at German state funded universities, studying medicine in Germany is free for German and international students. The main cost they need to cover is the semester contribution, which depending upon the college and adds up to 200 - 300 € every semester and accompanies numerous advantages for students.
Because medicine is a federally regulated course of study that is subject to nation-wide entry restrictions, applicants can expect to face similar application requirements and procedures no matter where they seek to apply.
To be able to apply to a university in Germany after their high school, most international students from non-EU countries have to visit a preparatory year, the so-called Studienkolleg first. This 2-semester course prepares students for studying in the German higher education system, helps them improve their language skills, and ends with the Feststellungsprüfung, an examination that allows international students to enter the German higher education system. Students looking for medical study place need to attend the M-Course at a Studienkolleg, which prepares them for studying medicine.
The application process and admission procedure differ for students from outside the EU and within the EU
Applicants who obtained their secondary school-leaving certificate outside the EU and want to start their
studies in medicine at a German university have to apply directly to the university or via uni-assist. For
this group, the application process to study medicine in Germany is not much different from that to other
Students who obtained their A-Levels in the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, or from official German Schools Abroad cannot apply to German universities directly to study medicine. Their application is managed by hochschulstart, a platform managed by the Trust for admission to higher education (StiftungfürHochschulzulassung - SfH). This means that for this group of applicants, applications are centrally coordinated and managed.
This strength about the application system to study medicine in Germany has impacts on the admission, which is interesting, also: 5% of study places at every college are saved for international students from outside the EU. If you are in this group of applicants and have performed outstandingly in your high school career and gotten excellent grades in your Studienkolleg, you have a chance to score one of these reserved spots.
After spots are allocated to international students from outside the EU and to other groups that are considered in special quotas, such as the German military, around 87% of total spots remain. Applicants from the EU, Liechtenstein, Iceland, and Norway and from German schools abroad compete for these remaining spots.
Admission quotas can give you an idea of how one can score a spot to study:
If you want to study medicine, you should prepare for a comparatively long study period in advance as part
of the medical course. Depending on the federal state and university, about 12 to 13 semesters are needed
to study medicine.
When you start your studies in medicine, your goal will often be to practice as a physician and treat patients. So the question is: How does one get there?
In the consistently organized medical studies program, there are sure achievements that one can accomplish
all through their studies. The primary achievement, the state assessment, is divided into three tests that
medical students sit all through the university portion of their clinical preparing.Afterward, they are
authorized doctors and have the permanent medical license called "Approbation" to function as a physician
Furthermore, when they breeze through the state assessment, students start their specialist training, which you may likewise know as residency (German: Facharztausbildung). This bit of the preparation permits experts to work in a specific clinical field and finishes with another assessment. The specialist training is important to fill in as a clinical pro and to open one's own practice. This segment of the preparation is paid.
The first section or “pre-clinical part” lasts two years or four semesters. The basics of the human body and medicine are taught here. This section mainly contains the theoretical basics from the fields of physics, physiology and biology such as anatomy. The social and biological basics that are required for a later activity as a doctor are first taught. The aim is to get to know and understand the anatomy of the human body, its physiological functions and its biochemical principles. .Above all, this section, including the corresponding written exam, is an important prerequisite for getting to know the first theoretical basics, which later have to be actively applied in the practical parts of the course. In addition to a lot of theory, there is also a first aid course and the nursing internship, which takes a total of 3 months.
In the clinical part, however, content such as diseases and healing methods are taught. The content ranges from general medicine to surgery and clinical chemistry. The subjects that are now taught are based on the corresponding clinical specialties.
The content of the medical studies in the first section of the clinic is as follows: medical microbiology, general pathology, clinical chemistry, pathophysiology and biochemistry, radiology, general pharmacology, medical biometry, anamnesis and clinical examination, the emergency course, the history of medicine, human genetics, and immunology.
In the second section of the clinical part, content is conveyed that is oriented towards medical specialties, such as general medicine, anesthesiology, ophthalmology, surgery, dermatology, gynecology, ENT, internal medicine, clinical pharmacology, clinical radiology, neurology, orthopedics and trauma surgery and many more. In addition, the second phase of study also includes the clinical internship.
With a time estimate of three years, this covers half the duration of the medical degree. During this time, a large number of certificates of achievement must be provided in order to be admitted to the second medical examination, the hammer exam.
However, you should expect a total of six years and approx. Three months or 13 semesters, as the examination
time is added in each case.
Even if the standard period of study is only 12 semesters, the actual average period of study is 12.9 semesters, which the students need to complete the degree.
Inside the German framework, the degree design MD is equal to breezing through the state assessment. Moreover and alternatively, students of medicine may take part in doctoral examinations to get an academic doctorate title. For medical students, this is a doctor of medicine, or in Latin, doctor medicinae.
|Study/ Training Phase||Content & Training||Final Examination|
|University Studies (regularly 6 years)||Stage 1 studies “prae-clinic” (German: Vorklinik).
4 semesters = 2 years.
||First part of medical physician’s examination (so-called “Physikum”; German: 1. Abschnitt der ärztlichen Prüfung).|
|Stage 2 studies “clinic” (German: Klinik). 6 semesters = 3 years||
||Second part of medical physician’s examination (German: 2. Abschnitt der ärztlichen Prüfung).|
|Stage 3 studies “practical year” (German: Praktisches Jahr).2 semesters = 1 year.||Practical work in a clinic or a hospital in the fields of internal medicine, surgery, and one elective field||Oral-practical examination; third part of examination (German: 3. Abschnitt der ärztlichen Prüfung).|
|Upon successful completion of the university medical studies (all 3 parts of the examination), students receive their approbation. Graduates may now call themselves physicians (German: Arzt/Ärztin).|
|Optional: Doctoral studies (German: Promotion)(1-3 years)||Writing a doctoral thesis. 2-6 semesters = 1-3 years. Often executed parallel to the university studies or specialist training.||Doctoral students conduct their own dissertation project (100 pages on average).||Upon handing in a doctoral thesis, students carry the academic title “Dr. med.” = Doctor of medicine.|
|Specialist training / residency (German: Facharztausbildung)||Specialization in one medical subject field for 5 to 6 years.||Practical work as a resident in different medical institutions relevant to the chosen specialty.||Specialist medical examination (German: Facharztprüfung) conducted by the state medical association (German: Landesärztekammer|
|Upon successful completion of the specialist medical examination, the physicians can work as a medical specialist and open their own practice. Without special training, physicians can only treat privately insured patients or work in a field related to medicine and health science where they do not treat patients.|
|Staatsexamen/state examination (Germany)||MBBS (India)|
|Study Curriculum||After completing Higher Secondary studies of 10+3, students should have a University Entrance qualification known as Abitur with high GPA.||After completing intermediate studies of 10+2, students must take a competitive entrance test. A passing score makes you eligible for admission into the MBBS program. An MBBS graduate after getting a medical license can practice medicine independently or pursue an MD or MS postgraduate degree.|
|The training is of 6 years and 3 months , includes equivalents of undergraduate and graduate studies.||Training of 5 years and 6 months , includes equivalents of undergraduate studies.|
|2 years of pre-clinical studies.||2 years of pre-clinical studies.|
|3 years of clinical studies.||2.5 years of clinical studies.|
|1.5 year of practical placement.||1 year of practical placement.|
|A state examination graduate has the permanent medical license to work as a physician in Germany and can start their residency in Germany.|
|Course Fees||Free at public universities (but not for the universities in Baden-Württemberg)||Free at Govt Colleges|
|5,000 – 15,000 €/semester at a Private universities.||Paid at Private and Deemed Colleges.|
|Language of Study||German||English|
|Application requirements||Excellent GPA in secondary school.||Passing 10+2, or equivalent thereof.|
|For Indian students: M-course of the Studienkolleg*.|
|Good German skills.|
|Students from India and most other non-EU countries have to visit a preparatory course (1 year) at a Studienkolleg and pass the “Feststellungsprüfung” before applying to the regular curriculum.|
|Test of admission||Only required by some universities for non-EU students: TestAS.||NEET|
|Type of degree||State examination.||Undergraduate double degree;|
|General medical degree.|
|Standard duration||6 years and 3 months.||5 years and 6 months|
There is no MBBS degree in Germany. Rather, the state examination leads to a license to practice medicine in Germany. So you may be wondering: Which criteria do Indian students need to fulfil to study the equivalent to an MBBS, namely for a state examination in medicine, in Germany?
Students from India can begin MBBS in Germany after passing their intermediate level exam in India
(twelfth). Before selecting a university, Indian students need to undergo a preparatory foundation year
(German: Studienkolleg) that sets them up for medical studies. To gain admittance to a Studienkolleg,
students need to have some great German abilities as of now (B1-B2), regularly need a decent GPA, and
finish a placement test. Studienkolleg ends with an assessment test (German: Feststellungsprüfung) which
permits Indian students to apply for a medical study place at a German University.
For international students from outside the EU, admission to medical studies lies with medical Universities. Nonetheless, it is governmentally controlled that 5% of accessible medical study places at a German university is reserved for global students. Earning a medical study place at a German University is very competitive and is usually granted to students with a high GPA . Often, only straight-A students have a shot. Additional requirements that might be considered by universities are the aptitude test TestAS or work experience.
Medical test - how can you get a medical degree via the medical test?
Skills relevant to medical studies are tested. The TMS tests the ability to remember and concentrate visual perception and spatial imagination, as well as the handling of units, sizes and formulas. Complex information must be correctly recorded or read out and abstracted. Since this test takes place in advance of studying medicine, no subject-specific medical content is checked.
With the beginning of the study there is usually a comprehensive change in living conditions, including the financing of medical studies and all associated costs. By moving to their first apartment, shared apartment or dormitory, many students are standing on their own two feet for the first time in their lives, which inevitably also raises questions about how the financial organization is structured.
|Housing costs||211-700 €|
|Travel costs||41 €|
|Travel expenses (if only car)||120 €|
|Health insurance, Medical expenses||0-128 €|
|Leisure, Culture and Sport||57-77 €|
|Costs occurring every semester||10-170 €|
|Minimum costs overall||570-1,500 €|
Another, increasingly popular option is the education fund (also called study fund). This is financed by private donors or institutional investors and can cover living costs as well as tuition fees and stays abroad. The repayment of the loan used begins with a successful start into professional life and is then income-dependent.
Before you start this search and research, we want to give a little disclaimer:
Most students improve their finances with a part-time job during their studies. Medical students are no exception here. There are some jobs that will not only benefit your wallet, but also your studies!
HiWis, library supervisors and tutors are paid according to fixed wage tables, which can vary from university to university. The hourly wage is between € 9 and € 15. You can apply for a hook holder at clinics and in smaller hospitals. Here the earnings are often a little higher due to the physical labor.
Germany is a great destination to study medicine as it needs doctors which creates many career opportunities for international students. Secondly, German medical training enjoys a great reputation around the globe and may allow you to start a career in other countries as well. Thirdly, studying medicine in Germany not only leads to a promising career with a stable and high salary, but has opportunities for jobs outside the clinic, for example in insurance companies, medical technology and research, or as an advisor for public health.
The German medical studies are the combination of theory and practice, often achieved due to the close proximity of universities and university hospitals. This allows for students to combine practical skills with scientific qualifications and to scope out various possible career paths. This rigorous training is not just beneficial for students - it also enjoys an excellent reputation around the globe. Germany is known for excellently equipped hospitals and highly skilled practitioners. Germany has one of the leading markets for biotechnological innovations. In international rankings for the subject medicine, the University of Heidelberg, the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, the LMU Munich, and the Technical University of Munich make it in the top 50 universities to study clinical and health sciences. With this high reputation, you will also be able to take your training elsewhere after studying medicine in Germany.
Elite universities are not only found in America, but also in Germany. A total of 11 German universities
were established in 2019 and are currently entitled to call them “Universities of Excellence”.
Ranking 2019: 11 German elite universities
These universities are among the selected:
But be careful: the award does not refer to excellent teaching; it is all about research performance. The
universities receive additional funding from the federal and state governments to strengthen research and
Germany as a location for science. This means that only those students can benefit from the elite status of
universities that also have points of contact with research and science. It turns out that studying at one
of Germany's elite universities does not have any significant advantage for the subject of human medicine.
At universities without elite status, the atmosphere can be cheaper and the support better. In terms of
teaching, the normal universities are in no way inferior to the elite universities, which are reflected in
the results of the state exams in recent years.
In this sense: Happy studying - no matter which university!
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